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The 'knowing' of which the Upanishads speaks is of a different order.
Bramh-Atman can only be known by identify with it, by direct intuition.
Nineteenth century writers, brought up on Greek sculpture, found this grotesque and inexplicable.
Yet the reason why the Hindu deities are represented in this way is very simple: it is to show that they are gods, that they differ from human beings and have more and greater powers than we do.
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Each emphasizes a particular aspect or function of the one reality.
"It is the same with all the gods and goddesses: they are not rivals but aspects of a single principle. Each is but a symbol that points to something beyond; and as none exhausts God's actual nature, the entire array is needed to complete the picture of God's aspects and manifestations.
Perhaps the first thing to strike a Western observer about Hindu deities is the multiplicity of limbs they display.
It is therefore not surprising that in the period succeeding the Upanishads the idea of Bramh came to be clothed in forms which the human mind and the imagination can grasp.