Face proportions and dating
Whenever the Ancient Egyptian artists sculptured, inscribed or painted figures, their proportions would be determined by a canon of proportions.Up until the end of the New Kingdom's 26th Dynasty, the Ancient Egyptians used a grid that measured 18 units to the hairline, or 19 units to the top of the head.The old vertical axial guide line became incorporated as a vertical guide line." This vertical axial line usually passed in front of the ear.In the grid that evolved out of this earlier guideline system, the vertical line immediately in front of this axial line runs through the eye.
Here are five proportions of the face that can be easily memorized and used as reference points during the block-in of your next portrait drawing. I still remember being surprised the first time this was pointed out to me!In the Old Kingdom a more simple canon was used, from which the later grid of 18 squares evolved.Also based on the height of the forehead or hairline, this canon had generally six lines, five of which form the basis of, and therefore corresponded to the later 18/19 canon.According to its very specific definitions, the perfect face included these key features: While you're probably tempted to start staring the mirror to see how you measure up, don't worry if you don't.
Nowadays, beauty is all about flattering your own face and working with what you have, so transforming into another person with totally different features is neither practical (nor desirable).
Occasionally a line level with the top of the head corresponding with the later canon's 19th line was added, though in many Old Kingdom examples this line is omitted.