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It was characterized by large bifaces, particularly hand axes.This tool-making technology was a more complex way of making stone tools than the earlier Oldowan technology.AMS - Accelerator Mass Spectrometry is an absolute dating technique that measures the amount of carbon-14 in an organic object and provides a rough indication of its age. Anthropology - The study of human beings, including their behavior, biology, linguistics, and social and cultural variations.In the United States, anthropology is divided into four sub-disciplines: archaeology, biological/physical anthropology, cultural anthropology, and linguistics.It is generally a raised area above the rest of the city where the most important sacred and secular buildings are brought together.The buildings on the Athenian Acropolis were important for trade and worship.Archaeozoology - The study of animal remains, usually bones, from the past. Archaic - In archaeology, this term is often used to designate an early period in a culture's history. Boat grave - A type of burial in which a body (or cremated remains) is placed in a boat and buried in the ground. Cache (pronounced "cash") - A collection of objects that was purposefully buried.
In an aristocracy people are generally born into distinct social classes and there is little or no upward mobility. Chert - A fine-grained sedimentary rock, similar to flint, that is white, pinkish, brown, gray, or blue-gray in color.Archaeoastronomy - The study of ancient astronomical knowledge and its role in past cultures. - Before Present; used in age determination instead of B. Balks are often left to aid with stratigraphic analysis.Archaeology - The scientific excavation and study of ancient human material remains. Benchmark - For excavation purposes, a permanent point at a known elevation that can be used to measure other elevations during excavation . Biface tools - Stone tools that have been worked on both sides or faces, meaning that flakes have been intentionally (not naturally) chipped off from both sides of the stone.This is a good way to search for patterns or changes in soil color or plant density (possible indicators of buried features) that may not be visible to a person walking on the ground.
Agora - An open-air place of congregation in an ancient Greek city, generally the public square or marketplace, that served as a political, civic, religious, and commercial center.
In the New World the term refers to a period when permanent settlements were becoming more common and human groups were making the transition from hunting-and-gathering to agriculture. Bronze Age - A prehistoric period in the Old World, dating roughly from 3000-1000 B. E, defined by the widespread use of bronze as a material for tools, weapons, and ornaments. The lids were usually modeled to represent animal-headed gods or the heads of important people.